Sleep During Infancy and Childhood.

During infancy.
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For three or four weeks after birth the infant sleeps more or less, day and night, only waking to satisfy the demands of hunger; at the expiration of this time, however, each interval of wakefulness grows longer, so that it sleeps less frequently, but for longer periods at a time.

This disposition to repose in the early weeks of the infant's life must not be interfered with; but this period having expired, great care is necessary to induce regularity in its hours of sleep, otherwise too much will be taken in the day-time, and restless and disturbed nights will follow. The child should be brought into the habit of sleeping in the middle of the day, before its dinner, and for about two hours, more or less. If put to rest at a later period of the day, it will invariably cause a bad night.

At first the infant should sleep with its parent. The low temperature of its body, and its small power of generating heat, render this necessary. If it should happen, however, that the child has disturbed and restless nights, it must immediately be removed to the bed and care of another female, to be brought to its mother at an early hour in the morning, for the purpose of being nursed. This is necessary for the preservation of the mother's health, which through sleepless nights would of course be soon deranged, and the infant would also suffer from the influence which such deranged health would have upon the milk.

When a month or six weeks has elapsed, the child, if healthy, may sleep alone in a cradle or cot, care being taken that it has a sufficiency of clothing, that the room in which it is placed is sufficiently warm, viz. 60 degrees, and the position of the cot itself is not such as to be exposed to currents of cold air. It is essentially necessary to attend to these points, since the faculty of producing heat, and consequently the power of maintaining the temperature, is less during sleep than at any other time, and therefore exposure to cold is especially injurious. It is but too frequently the case that inflammation of some internal organ will occur under such circumstances, without the true source of the disease ever being suspected. Here, however, a frequent error must be guarded against,  that of covering up the infant in its cot with too much clothing throwing over its face the muslin handkerchief and, last of all, drawing the drapery of the bed closely together. The object is to keep the infant sufficiently warm with pure air; it therefore ought to have free access to its mouth, and the atmosphere of the whole room should be kept sufficiently warm to allow the child to breathe it freely: in winter, therefore, there must always be a fire in the nursery.

The child up to two years old, at least, should sleep upon a feather bed, for the reasons referred to above. The pillow, however, after the sixth month, should be made of horsehair; for at this time teething commences, and it is highly important that the head should be kept cool.

During childhood.
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Up to the third or fourth year the child should be permitted to sleep for an hour or so before its dinner. After this time it may gradually be discontinued; but it must be recollected, that during the whole period of childhood more sleep is required than in adult age. The child, therefore, should be put to rest every evening between seven and eight; and if it be in health it will sleep soundly until the following morning. No definite rule, however, can be laid down in reference to the number of hours of sleep to be allowed; for one will require more or less than another.Regularity as to the time of going to rest is the chief point to attend to; permit nothing to interfere with it, and then only let the child sleep without disturbance, until it awakes of its own accord on the following morning, and it will have had sufficient rest.

The amount of sleep necessary to preserve health varies according to the state of the body, and the habits of the individual. Infants pass much the greater portion of their time in sleep. Children sleep twelve or fourteen hours. The schoolboy generally ten. In youth, a third part of the twenty-four hours is spent in sleep. Whilst, in advanced age, many do not spend more than four, five, or six hours in sleep.

It is a cruel thing for a mother to sacrifice her child's health that she may indulge her own vanity, and yet how often is this done in reference to sleep. An evening party is to assemble, and the little child is kept up for hours beyond its stated time for retiring to rest, that it may be exhibited, fondled, and admired. Its usual portion of sleep is thus abridged, and, from the previous excitement, what little he does obtain, is broken and unrefreshing, and he rises on the morrow wearied and exhausted.

Once awake, it should not be permitted to lie longer in bed, but should be encouraged to arise immediately. This is the way to bring about the habit of early rising, which prevents many serious evils to which parents are not sufficiently alive, promotes both mental and corporeal health, and of all habits is said to be the most conducive to longevity.

A child should never be suddenly aroused from sleep; it excites the brain, quickens the action of the heart, and, if often repeated, serious consequences would result. The change of sleeping to waking should always be gradual.

The bed on which the child now sleeps should be a mattress: at this age a feather bed is always injurious to children; for the body, sinking deep into the bed, is completely buried in feathers, and the unnatural degree of warmth thus produced relaxes and weakens the system, particularly the skin, and renders the child unusually susceptible to the impressions of cold. Then, instead of the bed being made up in the morning as soon as vacated, and while still saturated with the nocturnal exhalations from the body, the bed-clothes should be thrown over the backs of chairs, the mattress shaken well up, and the window thrown open for several hours, so that the apartment shall be thoroughly ventilated. It is also indispensably requisite not to allow the child to sleep with persons in bad health, or who are far advanced in life; if possible, it should sleep alone.

Medical Benefits of Green Tea

Although a product of the same bush, typical English teas are not steamed, so they are dark in colour and are referred to as “black” tea. Recent study has confirmed what Eastern healers have known for centuries. Green tea’s unique traditional processing is partly responsible for its extraordinary healing properties. Scientists working in the USA and Japan have found that drinking several cups of green tea each day can have a profound effect on your health.
   
In the last few decades a number of articles have appeared in professional medical journals and lay publications reporting the medicinal benefits of green tea. Some of the benefits of green tea reported by scientists include the following:

•   Reduces the risk of heart disease and strokes
•   Reduces the risk of several types of cancer
•   Helps regulate blood sugar
•   Prevents or lowers high blood pressure
•   Boosts the immune system
•   Facilitates weight loss
•   Helps prevent ulcers
•   Slows the aging process
•   Controls inflammation
•   Reduces blood cholesterol
•   Fights viral colds and flu
•   Prevents gum disease, cavities, and bad breath
•   Can help prevent osteoporosis
•   Can help prevent blood clots

Eat Broccoli to Prevent Cancer

Food plays an important role, for both good and bad. New study continues to open the secrets of how foods (and nutritional supplements) influence every part of our physical and mental well-being or lack thereof. For example is the following; Most people knew that broccoli and the cruciferous vegetables help prevent cancer. But until now, they didn’t know how or why.

In an outstanding example of cellular rejuvenation, a research conducted at Georgetown University and published in the British Journal of Cancer found that indole-3-carbinol, a chemical in vegetables such as broccoli, cauli flower, and cabbage, actually boosts DNA repair in cells and may stop them from becoming cancerous. This is a significant finding because DNA is the material inside the nucleus of cells that carries genetic information. If we are genetically predisposed to cancer, could this mean that we can repair our cells and as a result prevent cancer simply by eating broccoli? It is without doubt a fascinating premise, and scientists are ardently pursuing this line of study.

 “it is now clear that the function of crucial cancer genes can be influenced by compounds in the things we eat: Studies that monitor people’s diets and their health have found links between certain types of food and cancer risk. Our findings imply a clear molecular process that would explain the connection between diet and cancer prevention.”said Professor Eliot Rosen, who led the research. As we’ve learned, carotenoids also show powerful chemoprotective properties. Do try to always buy or-ganically grown vegetables—the pesticides and chemical fertilizers used on nonorganically grown vegetables may counteract the positive effects of these foods.

Is your Hair Dull and Faded ?

Symptoms

  • Locks that were once radiant now refuse to shine
  • Blondes look ashy; brunettes look dingy or gray; redheads become brassy or orange
  • Hair color looks lighter instead of rich and vibrant


The Cause :

  • When the outer cuticle is roughed up by chemical processes or hot-tool overkill, parts of the cortex are exposed and damaged, and the hair becomes more porous, As a result, strands no longer accept dye as readily and the color pigments seep out in the shower. Also styling-product buildup can give hair a lackluster appearance.


The Cure:

  • Reduce the fading with shampoos and conditioner that help preserve color. "These work by depositing more pigment onto the surface of your strands," Wilson says. "But they don't last the way permanent dyes do, so the result rinse away if you don"t use them regularly," Also try styling products that contain broad-spectrum UV filters; they create a barrier agaist pigment degarding rays.


To bolster your hair's shine, style your do with cuticle-smoothing products that contain natural oil or silicone. "That's how you're going to get that major glossy sheen,"

Other Factors Affecting Body Weight

When it comes to managing weight, however, genes are not destiny. Genes simply create a person’s susceptibility to being overweight or underweight or average. This makes it easier for some people to stay at a healthy weight than it is for others. But the main cause of modern obesity lies in the collision between the body’s ancient means to survive in times of famine and the western abundance and lifestyle.

Modern food is tasty, convenient, moderately priced, and almost always available. That makes the experience of eating more akin to recreation than to survival for many people. Americans also spend more time than ever before
in sedentary pursuits—watching TV, surfing the Internet, playing video games, and driving. That adds up to greater caloric intake than output and weight gain, even among young children.

Urban density is another contributing factor. More and more people leave rural communities to live closer together in bigger buildings and larger suburbs and cities. They have fewer safe places to walk, play, and practice the activities that promote fitness.

Lastly, schools are cutting back on physical education programs. Only 6 to 8 percent of public schools provide what physical education advocates recommend as essential to healthy physical development—gym classes five times a week. And in places where school budgets are tight, physical education is often one of the first programs to be cut. That leaves many students living in cities and suburbs with few chances to exercise at all.

People also must deal with psychological and emotional factors linked with obesity. For some people, overeating has become an easy distraction from negative emotions such as boredom, sadness, loneliness, or anger. Recent studies show that eating foods high in fats and sugars calms nerves and relieves stress, if only for a short while. That may explain why so many people in stressful modern society seem almost compulsively driven to eat junk food. Eating also has profound psychological links to parental love. Nurturing parents are the first to feed us and to worry over us. So eating often carries memories of security and being cared for.

Food is also a form of self-medication for people suffering from the winter depression known as seasonal affective disorder (SAD). SAD is a condition linked to fewer hours of sunlight and longer hours of darkness in winter. People with SAD report that they are driven to eat and sleep to excess.

Lastly, sleep deprivation (anything less than seven to nine hours within each twenty-four-hour cycle) has been linked to increased cravings for candy, sweets, salty chips, and French fries. Apparently the desire to snack is driven by a sharp drop in leptin levels when people are chronically tired.

Nutrients in Your Diet

What we eat also affects a person’s weight and health. So, what should we be eating to maintain a healthy weight? Certain quantities of key nutrients must be consumed or a person will have reduced energy and be at risk for deficiency diseases—diseases that can stunt growth and development. Some of these diseases are severe enough to be fatal over time.

Consuming certain amounts of key nutrients sounds more difficult than it actually is. Most people living in industrial nations have access to more than enough of all the kinds of foods we need every day. The problem lies in
what people choose to eat from among those foods. Having a little nutrition education comes in handy.

Generally, nutrients are divided into two classes: macronutrients and micronutrients. Macronutrients make up the bulk of a healthy diet. They include proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. They are the source of calories in the diet.

Proteins supply amino acids, the building blocks that build, repair, and maintain body tissue. Foods from animals-lean meats, poultry, fish, eggs are dense with proteins. They are called complete proteins because they contain all nine essential amino acids. Beans, nuts, tofu (a soy bean product), peanut butter, and grains are some of the vegetable sources of protein. People who consume vegetable protein as their only source—usually vegetarians—must be sure to consume a well balanced variety. All vegetable proteins are lacking in one essential amino acid or another.

Carbohydrates are the body’s main source of energy or calories. They are either complex (starches) or simple (sugars). The body converts both kinds of carbohydrates to glucose (a form of sugar) and sends it through the blood stream to every cell in the body. Cereals, vegetables, fruits, and sugars (sweet snacks, sugary drinks, candies, and all kinds of desserts are obvious examples) are the main sources of carbohydrates.

The third macronutrient includes fats and oils, the most dense energy sources in our foods. Fats, also known as lipids, are made up of differing amounts of fatty acids. Some kinds are much more healthful than others. Monounsaturated fats are found in plant foods such as olives, peanuts, and avocados. Polyunsaturated fats are found in seed oils such as corn oil, as well as in walnuts, almonds, sardines, cod, pink salmon, tuna, and sardines. Both kinds of unsaturated fats are healthy fats. Vegetable sources of mono- and polyunsaturated fats are easy to recognize because they are liquid at room temperature.

Saturated fats are animal fats and fats that are solid at room temperature, such as butter. Trans-fatty acids found in some margarines and shortenings—are the least healthy forms of all the fats. They should be kept to less than 10 percent of a person’s total calorie intake.

Fats play an essential role in human health. For example, they carry certain vitamins and hormones into and out of our cells. They also add flavor and texture to food. Fats contribute to making us feel full, too, so they help control
our appetite. Fats that gather around internal organs provide insulation. They offer some protection to the heart, kidneys, and other body parts from hard blows and extreme temperatures.

Fats are the raw materials for building cell membranes (lining of the cell) and maintaining nerve function. Therefore, they are especially important during infancy and the early years of growth. Fat is also a lubricant, helping our joints
work more smoothly and our skin stay smoother and softer

Micronutrients, on the other hand, are needed in small quantities, but they are absolutely essential to life. They consist of two categories—vitamins and minerals. Vitamins help control the chemical processes that take place in
the body. Humans need thirteen different vitamins. For the most part, they must be obtained from food.

Minerals also have important roles in health. More than sixty minerals exist in the body, but only about twenty-two are considered essential. Six of these—calcium, phosphorus, sodium, chloride, potassium, and magnesium—are needed in larger quantities. The rest are referred to as trace minerals, even though they are all equally important.

How to measure weight ?

A few generations ago, doctors paid little attention to their patients’ body weight one way or another. If doctors saw the occasional case of middle-aged spread (a widening waistline or belly), they might simply blame the person’s wealthy way of life and note in their records “portly” or“stout.” More recently, however, doctors regard physical mass and body fat as important markers of health. And the health-care field has adopted some tools for measuring what is healthy and what is not so healthy. The standards are based on years of looking at the connections among weight and diseases and life spans.

The most widely used measurement of adult weight is body mass index (BMI). BMI measures your weight in relation to your height. It yields an index number that provides more accurate measures of body fat. Belgian scientist Adolphe Qu├ętelet came up with the BMI method, so its calculations are based on the metric system of measurements used in Europe (kilograms of weight and meters of height). But you can figure your own BMI using pounds and inches by adding an extra step. Here’s how it’s done:

BMI = (pounds x 703)/inches squared

For example, someone who weighs 220 pounds (100 kg) and is 5 feet 7 inches (1.7 meters) tall would set up the following equation:

BMI = (220 pounds x 703) / (67 inches x 67 inches)= 154,660/4,489= 34.45

Based on years of research, health experts say that a BMI of 18.5 to 24.9 represents ideal weight. And indeed, research shows that people who have BMIs between 19 and 22 tend to live the longest. 

Someone with a BMI of 25 to 29.9 is described as overweight. Anyone with a BMI between 30 and 39.9 is termed obese, including our sample person above. 

A BMI of 40 or more usually means having more than 100 pounds (45 kg) excess weight. Weight experts label people with BMIs in this range as morbidly obese because many health problems occur with this excess. Between 1994 and 2000, the number of morbidly obese Americans nearly doubled and in 2007 stands at about nine million.

BMI does not distinguish between fat and lean muscle, so it is not as reliable in judging the weight status of muscular athletes. It is also not very good at judging the elderly, who tend to lose muscle mass as they age.
(Weight and Healt - Wendy Murphy)

Acne Skin Care with Hot & Cold Water Therapy

Basic of skin care for acne is cleaning the face on a regular basis, especially after using the make-up a day. But not only that, it turns out the selection of water while cleaning the face also affects the 'cure' of acne.

Method to eliminate acne with hot and cold water apparently has a great benefit to acne and sensitive skin. Reported by Beauty Rama, therapy of acne with hot and cold water discribed in the following.

1. Hot Water
Besides good for blood circulation,  warm water which is washed on face is good facial moisturizing, revitalizing and giving oxygen to the skin. Steam from a warm watere can also be used to clean the dirt on the face. Hot steam can open the pores, so that the bacteria and blackheads in pimples can get out.

Just hold your face to the basin of warm water, and cover your head, so that the steam coming out just concentrated on the face. Afterwards, do not forget to wash your face with cold water to close the pores again.

2. Cold Water
Cold water can be used to refresh and relieve facial redness in acne. Cold water can also deflates acne. Cold water is ideal as a facial treatment ritual in the morning. Useful for activating blood circulation, reduce the oil as one of the causes of acne prone skin. The cold water also can shrink pores.

In the morning wash your face with cold water to give freshness to the skin. For evening care, cold water washed after washing your face with warm water and soap. Warm water opens the pores and closed with cold water, so that the oil in the skin is locked.

3. Add Lemon
You can add a piece of lemon in hot or cold water. Lemons contain citric acid, lactic acid and glikolatjus that can treat acne and fade scars. Besides lemon can brighten the face.

How Much Green Tea Should We Drink Everyday?

Does a Cup Is Enough for You?

Most people still confuse about how much green tea that should be taken everyday to get beneficial effect for their health. Does a cup enough? Or may be we need to take more? this articles is explaining about how much cups of green tea should we drink to get its beneficial effects.

Basically, there are no side effects of drinking green tea. The only problem that might cause to our health will occur if green tea is taken over the daily recommended levels.  Experts recommend at least 3 cups of green tea per day to effectively lose weight. Taking over 6 cups a day can cause palpitations (when you can hear your heart beating or irregular heart beating) due to caffeine overdose.

The average cup of green tea contains anywhere from 8 to 20 mg of caffeine, while black tea contains at least twice that amount 40 to 60 mg. Soda contains between 40 to 60 mg and a cup of drip coffee has a nerve-jangling 90 to 150 mg, more than half the amount of caffeine that some people should consume in a whole day. Overdose (quantities more than 300 mg caffeine, more than 5 cups/day) can lead to negative effect on the CNS and irritation of the stomach.

Health benefits of green tea

Most of the research showing the health benefits of green tea is based on the amount of green tea typically consumed in Asian countries-about 3 cups per day (which would provide 240-320 mg of polyphenols.  A cup (200 mL) of green tea (Gun Powder, Hangzhou, China) contains about 142 mg EGCG, 65 mg EGC, 28 mg ECG, 17 mg EC, and 76 mg caffeine.

Researchers at Japan's Tohoku University studied 1003 subjects over age 70, comparing their green tea intake and mental sharpness, using a Mini-Mental State Examination, a well-accepted standardized test for measuring cognitive function. 

Drinking more than 2 cups a day of green tea slashed odds of cognitive impairment in elderly Japanese men and women by 64%! And a Japanese cup of green tea is much smaller than its American counterpart-only about 3.2 fluid ounces. 

And at every level of cognitive impairment-from minimal to severe-those drinking the most green tea experienced significantly less mental decline than those drinking the least: 

Compared with elderly Japanese who drank less than 3 cups a week, those drinking more than 2 cups a day had a 54% lower risk of age-related declines in memory, orientation, ability to follow commands and attention. Those drinking 4 to 6 cups of green tea a week (1 cup a day) had a 38 lower risk of declines in brain function. (1st-on-tea.com)

Benefits baby oil for Beauty

As the name implies, baby oil destined for the baby. The main function are retain skin moisture and avoid blisters that often occur in the groin.

Even so, it turns out the baby oil has other useful benefits for beauty. The formula of baby oil is safe, then baby oil safe for all skin types. the following are benefits of baby oil for beauty , as quoted by Sky Bold.

1. Moisturizer
For those of you with dry skin, baby oil can be used to moisturize and soften the skin. The best time to apply baby oil is after a shower, when the skin pores are still open then baby oil easily absorbs into the skin.

2. Waterproof Make-up Cleansing
Make-up with a waterproof label is hard to remove, even after using a facial soap. Baby oil can help remove traces of makeup such as eyeliner and waterproof mascara. You do this by pouring baby oil on a cotton swab and rub on the face.

3. Shaving Cream Substitute
When shaving skin often injured by scratches razor. To prevent scratches on skin just apply baby oil when shaving. Another function is to make the skin become more moist, because after shaving the skin usually becomes dry.

4. Stretch Mark
Baby oil can be used to prevent the skin from stretch marks. Apply baby oil as given a gentle massage on the areas that may lead to stretch marks such as the abdomen and thighs every night before bed. Baby oil does not need to be rinsed with water, would be better left in place overnight so that the ingredient is absorbed.

5. Massage Oil Substitute
Many people are less comfortable with aroma massage oils like eucalyptus oil. You can replace it by using baby oil. Before doing the massage, you should first heat the baby oil, then smeared it .

Fergie 'Black Eyed Peas' will officially change her name

Members of the hip hop group Black Eyed Peas, Fergie intends to legally change her name, becoming Fergie. The name is a stage name that he carried from a career in music world. The real name of the 38-year-old woman itself is Stacy Ann Ferguson.

Now the singer who often look sexy will propose changing the name legally become Fergie Duhamel. But in fact the name has been used since married with actor Josh Duhamel four years ago.

The decision was due to public is more familiar with that name. "To match the name that was already public and professionally known, and it has been for many years", said Fergie's lawyer, as quoted from the NY Daily News.

While she is waiting for an official name change, Fergie and Josh also is waiting their child expected to be born this year. The birth of the baby also rumored to be one of the driving decisions of a singer sang "Big Girls Do not Cry" legally changed his name.

There will be some procedures to be followed in the process of changing her name. It's Planned that change of her name will be announced in a local newspaper for four weeks. Fergie's request is scheduled to be filled with the court on August 16, 2013

Try these 4 steps in order to have fun during sex

Sex is an important part of married life. However that does not mean you should be weighed down while doing so. Sometimes, Women think too much about sex and think if they are doing it right or not.

The thoughts that exist in the minds of women could eliminate the pleasure of sex itself. Women can lose the mood for sex. Sex expert, Dr. Laura Berman gives some suggestion so that women can return to having fun during sex. Here are tips from therapists with over 18 years experience and author of the book Real Sex for Real Women, as She described it on everydayhealth:

1. Highlight the uniqueness
Women often try to imitate the sexy characters in the film she watched. But according to Dr. Laura, sex appeal not just of fashion and makeup. Sex appeal could have emerged from a fun and silly things. Eliminate the notion that sex or yourself have to be perfect. Do not be afraid to highlight the uniqueness of your sexuality.

2. Competition
Doing the game before having sex, it could be you and your partner more relaxed. Add a little competition in the game to make it more adrenaline. Games that can be done such as playing cards with releasing clothing for the losers.

3. Getting Out of Routine
Once married, you and your husband are still dating but somehow it was Try to get out of the routine. Think back to the things that make you and your partner happy laugh once sparked the curiosity in each other's bodies. You and your husband can try to change the atmosphere becomes more dim while watching a movie together in the room. Every now and then there is no harm in doing these activities in bed while eating popcorn. This will make the couple recall the days when dating.

4. Do not wait Perfection
Most of women want everything organized and planned or even perfect. In terms of sex, for example, this type of woman would only have sex if household chores are completed all or only if they were shaved legs. If indeed you are the type of person who is always waiting for the perfection, you can bet you will very rarely have sex. Dr. Laura assured, do not be afraid to try making love in the middle of the day, when the homework has not been completed. Try to be more spontaneous in matters of sex.

Mel B's "Spice Girls" Slim tips : Excercise and Sex

38-year-old, Spice Girls's Member, Melanie B, still has a beautiful body. Mel B's slim tips is of course exercising diligently. And one thing she would had missed is sex.

In an interview with The Sun, one of the juy of America's Got Talent revealed that need to work hard to maintain her sexiness. Moreover, she was over 30 years old so it is not easy to stay slim.

"If I may be honest, I used to exercise, which is necessary commitments and boring ... and of course sexercise," she said.

Sex is the next recipe  of Mel B in maintaining her body shape. A mother of three children was very fond of the activity on the bed with her husband Stephen Belafonte.

In the same interview, besides to revealing the slim tips, Mel B also talked about her duties as a mother. The curly-haired singer acknowledged being a mother to three children is not easy. Moreover, she also remained busy in the entertainment world.

"You have to balance every week. You should be able to divide your time," she said.

Mel B says again, she does not want her children to be an artist like her before they finish school. "I tell to my children, finish school and if you're good enough, I will let you get into the world of entertainment," said the mother of Phoenix Chi (13 years), Angel (5 years) and Madison (21 months) it.

What kind of diet suitable for children ?

Obesity is not only for adults only. However, many children are also have problems of overweight. Then, what kind of diet program should be implemented for obese children?

Recent data shows that regular exercise focuses on diet programs for children and adults usually do not help them shrink their weight. "Exercise is important, but we must not over-emphasize the importance of exercise, not a diet program," said Gary Bennett, who studies obesity prevention at Duke University, North Carolina

As quoted from reuters.com, Sunday (06/23/2013), the important thing in the diet for children and also adults is changing your eating habits, improve diet, and reduced calorie foods.

Researchers analyzed the results of 14 previous trials involving overweight adolescents. They were asked to undertake a program of diet and exercise program or just to maintain weight. The program taking one and a half to six months.

Most studies found that children tend to have a body mass index (ratio of weight and height) lower and percentage of body fat were smaller after they do both programs. Adding aerobic exercise such as jogging and dance also had little effect on weight loss. However, the children who did endurance exercise such as running around with his friends, lost more body fat than those who did not exercise.

Endurance exercise for an hour or less per week produced half percent decrease body fat and increase muscle mass. "Endurance exercise not only burns calories but also builds muscle mass is beneficial to lose weight or maintain weight," says lead author named Mandy Ho of the University of Sydney.

Ho and his colleagues found that regular exercise can increase insulin levels and HDL (good cholesterol) in the body. "It is very important for children because limits food intake could be bad on development and growth," he added.

A recent study found little evidence that the program services weight loss can affect  mass index of children. Therefore, Bennett said diet and regular exercise program may be the most effective way.

"It would be a hard thing for parents to implement a program of diet on their children. Consequently they should focus their time," said Bannett.

What is Alzheimer ?

Description
Alzheimer's disease is a neurodegenerative disease or a decline in brain function. Patien's memory declined drastically so could not take care of himself. Although this disease mostly affects the elderly, but the younger could have it too.

Therefore medicine divides the disease into two groups. First the younger than 58 years referred to as early onset, and  groups suffered at the age of 58 years referred to as late onset.

Causes
Basic causes of Alzheimer's disease is still under study but genetic factors and environmental factors are 2 dominant  factor for Alzheimer's disease. There are also allegations of PSEN1 gene mutations that cause Alzheimer's

Symptom
Patients became aggressive, quick to anger, and loss of interest to interact or satisfying hobby they had ever enthuses.

Most commonly seen in people with Alzheimer's is memory loss, agitation and mood swings, Disturbance in making decisions and using money, difficulty doing light tasks and communicate, often forgotten and repeating words or actions, Not able to recognize family members and friends, loss of motor skills and touch, not pay attention to hygiene and body care, delusions, childish and paranoia.

Treatment
Provision of medical drugs can help patient's memory. But the main thing is the love and patience of the people around the patient.

What is Skin allergies ?

Description
Allergy is a condition caused by allergens (things that can trigger allergies). Currently there are two types of contact dermatitis are irritant and allergic.

Cause
Allergies are caused by allergens, the things that cause allergies. There are two types of contact dermatitis: irritant and allergic. Irritant contact dermatitis is caused by the effects of a particular chemical. While allergic contact dermatitis usually affects people who are sensitive to everyday substances. These substances are contain metal which if attached to the skin, sometimes causing allergies. Examples of objects are jewelry, rubber, creams, ointments, and other.

Symptons
Allergy symptoms are usually indicated by skin redness, swelling, blisters, and itching in the area of skin.

Treatment
The main principle of treatment is relieve allergy symptoms and prevent, not cure. Sometimes, mild skin allergies do not require special treatment. These symptoms will disappear after a while.

Quarrels between couples due to lack of sleep

Too busy, and lack of sleep is known to be a bad influence on health. But in fact not only that, a study revealed that  quarrel/fight or conflict between couple can happen due to lack of sleep.

Psychologist from UC Berkeley, Amie Gordon and Serena Chen, has revealed that people are more emotion on her partner or start a conflict in their relationship if it has been a bad night's sleep, as reported by the Times of India, on Thursday (07/11/2013) .

"Marriage, if often quarreled can be said to be less happy and less healthy, '' said Gordon, who is currently studying psychology at the doctoral level, and lead author of the study.

"We did this research to try to prove and remind each pair so that the result is no longer fighting due to lack of sleep, '' he added.

The study had previously researched that lack of sleep has a negative impact on marriage, but at this time the research explains more about how bad a compromise which was owned by couples who are sleep-deprived. This includes in terms of avoiding and managing conflict.

"For the first time in science, we can see the process of how the nature, degree, and conflict resolution can be made due to lack of sleep", said Chen, a Professor of psychology at UC Berkeley.

It's good to fill hours of sleep in a day at least 7-8 hours. In addition, keep the sleep quality and manage stress as well as you can, so that conflicts can be prevented. A healthy relationship is a mutual understanding and not easily provoked to start a conflict.

This research has been published in the journal Social Psychological and Personality Science.

What foods are effective for weight loss ?

These foods not only provide many nutrients that are beneficial to the body, but also effectively make your body be slim. What food are they?

1. oat
Oat grain has high source of fiber. Eating a bowl of oatmeal at breakfast will make your stomach full for the day and help increase metabolism.

2. avocado
If you want to lose weight, then avocado is the answe. This fruit is high in fiber such as oats. Eating avocado can nourish the digestive system and provide long satiety, making you not to eat too much.

3. eggs
Eggs are one of the foods that should be consumed if you want to lose weight. Studies show if the egg has a content that can help reduce calories.

4. Black chocolate
Dark or Black chocolate is known to help weight loss because it contains high-quality cocoa and rich in antioxidants.

5. Salmon fish
Although high in fat, salmon is very effective in aiding weight loss due to the high content of omega-3 fatty acids.

6. broccoli
Besides beneficial in preventing cancer, broccoli also contains high fiber, which is also useful in preventing weight gain. Broccoli may also help lower cholesterol so it's good for your heart.

7. brown rice
If you do intend to lose weight, choose brown rice as a main meal instead of white rice. Brown rice is a super food that are low in calories but high in fiber, make your stomach full throughout the day and effective in losing weight.

8. green tea
Consume green tea on a regular basis because it is useful in weight loss. Green tea contains antioxidants called polyphenols that are good for health. Antioxidants can also reduce the risk of heart disease and cancer.

9. orange
Eating citrus fruits are also beneficial in weight loss. This is because oranges are rich in fiber and vitamin C, which can increase your metabolism and help you to lose weight.

6 Benefits of brown rice for health

Brown rice provide better health benefits when compared to white rice. A description of the benefits of brown rice can be described below

6 Benefits of brown rice for health

1. Rich in fiber
Brown rice, or black rice has a high fiber content. While white rice that contains only simple carbohydrates, brown rice contain complex carbohydrates that are good for health.

2. Controlling blood sugar levels
Brown rice has a low glycemic index. The glycemic index is a number that indicates the potential for increased blood sugar that comes from carbohydrates. With a low glycemic index, brown rice has a stake in regulating blood sugar levels and insulin production. In addition, brown rice is a good source of energy that the body needs.

3. Make full faster
A study conducted in the British Journal of Nutrition found that by eating complex carbohydrates, such as oatmeal, brown rice and potatoes, will make you full faster for hours and eat no more than 320 calories per day.

4. Contains antioxidants against free radicals
Brown rice is a good source of iron or manganese. Manganese, which is an important role in producing energy for the body, it is an essential component of enzymes and an antioxidant that can protect the body from free radicals that are formed when the energy is produced. In addition, brown rice is rich in zinc, a mineral that helps accelerate wound healing and maintain the body's immune system to function properly. Similarly, iron or manganese, zinc is also rich in antioxidants that protect the body from free radicals that can damage cells and tissues in the body.

5. Contains Vitamin B6
By eating just one serving of brown rice, can meet 23 percent of vitamin B6, the amount needed for the functioning of the organ. This vitamin is needed to help maintain the balance of serotonin formation, red blood cells and helps the production of cell-cell DNA.

6. Lower bad cholesterol
Brown rice is known to help lower bad cholesterol levels. By eating brown rice, it will help increase the level of good cholesterol. Therefore red rice can be a staple food and a good source of carbohydrates for health.

7 Suprising Fiber Boosters

If taken in the right form at the right time and in sufficient quantities, foods with fiber can sometimes slow the onset of hunger. Try these for a natural change :

PEARS, since one up and add to a spinach salad for delicious twists

PISTACHIOS, Sprinkle some on yogurt, salads or eat on their own

RASPABERRIES, Try adding berries to cereal for boost of flavor and fiber

ARTHICHOKES, Whip up a low fat spinach and artichoke dip the next time yoy host company

LENTIL BEANS, chicken soup may be what mom suggest for a cold, but lentils are where it's at when you're looking to get yor protein and fiber in a bowl.

EDAMAME, Eaten as an appetizer, edamame can help fill you up so you don't overindulge on your main course.

POPCORN, Popcorn is a whole grain in the same league as oatmeal, barley, brown rice and millet. Air pop a serving size for crunchy, fiber-boosting snack. (WomenHealth)

Why we Cry : The Biology behind tearfest

Crying is healthy. When we are severely overhelmed, we can't help but weep, says Jodi De Luca, Ph.D., a neuropsycologist at Tampa General Hospital. Our bodies can use crying to defuse bottled-up stress that can wreak havoc on our immune system.

Tears attrack kindness. It's likely that human tears envolved so we coul send out a clear nonverbal message : I need attention ! thus De Luca says, " They elicit as a sympathetic response in others"

It's a girl thing. Young males and females cry roughly the same amount, but one biological reason grown women cry more than men: After puberty, women's bodies contain much more of a hormone called prolactin, which is a main ingredient of emotional tears, women are able to form and shed tears at a much faster and more frequent rate.

How to maintain a Healthy weight naturally without succumbing to diet fads ?

A weight maintenance is a ,ater of staying on track by creating and sticking to habits that contribute to a healthier you. Making a conscious decision to eat foods closer to their natural state and incorporating physical activity into every day can help you fell even better.

Here are some simple weight management solutions :

Pro-Protein, High Fiber ! Eliminate those mid-morning cravings by starting your morning with a healthy dose of protein and fiber.

Hi-Lo excercise. It's the best route to weight loss and ultimately weight management. Kick up your speed or icline every 4-5 minutes for 1-2 minutes during your cardio workout. Compared to a standards cardio workout, you will burn more calories and elevate your metabolism

One-to-One, A cup of cooked rice or pasta has about 200 calories, but a cup of cooked vegetables delivers approximately 50 calories. To avoid carbo overload, eat a 1:1 ratio of grains to vegetables, ramping up your fiber intake without the calories.

Snack Smart, Whole grain snack are rich in complex carbohydrate for long-lasting energy and fiber for staying power.

Migraine Patients Tend to Have Abnormal Brain Structur

More than 300 million people around the world have an intense migraine, i.e. a throbbing headache often accompanied by nausea, light sensitivity and changes in the function of visual or sensory. Recent studies indicate that migraine patients have a specific part of the brain that are abnormal.
Previous research shows that there is shrinkage or atrophy of regions of the cortex of the brain in patients of migraine. It is associated with the processing of pain, which may occur due to chronic stimulation on the area.  I
The latest study, scientists in Italy studying the cortical thickness and surface area of the cerebral cortex of migraine patients. Researchers found that some of the migraine patients tend to have abnormalities of the brain at birth.

The study was led by Dr. Massimo Filippi, Director of Neuroimaging Research Unit at the Ospedale San Raffaele University and professor of Neurology at the University Vita-Salute's San Raffaele Scientific Institute in Milan, who want to understand the basic pathophysiology of neurological diseases, including migraine using neuroimaging technology.

Filippi began his research several years ago by studying migraine patients with MRI to determine structural and functional abnormalities associated with migraine, the goal is to identify the mechanisms that cause clinical expression and monitor its evolution.

"Patients with migraine was not only just have brain function differently, but in fact may have structural differences in the brains of people who are also healthy," Filippi said.

The study involved 62 adults with migraine and 18 healthy people. The findings, were published online on March 26 in the journal Radiology.

Based on the results of the MRI scan, the team found that the patient's brain with migraines quite complicated. Some areas of the cortex in the brain of migraine patients seem thicker, but some other areas of the cortex is thinner. The thickness of cortex in patients of migraine is uneven when compared to the brains of healthy people.

Filippi stated that it is important to understand the structural changes in the brain associated with migraine because it can give an idea about the cause of pain and other symptoms. For example, doctors may be able to monitor the structural changes in the brain cortex of migraine patients to measure response to treatment.

Researchers have yet to determine whether structural changes in the brain is dynamic or continue to change over time. The research team is now still follow the research participants to see if the structural patern in the btarin is ' stable ' or tend to shift,  and it will develop the research of migraine to children.

Some factors that cause Impotence or Erectile dysfunction

Impotence or Erectile dysfunction is avoidable by man. Chronic illness can be the source. But without realizing it, a few daily habits can also cause impotence.

Impotence occurs due to lack of physiological capabilities. When a man suffers from this condition, he will not be able to get or maintain an erection of the penis.

It's worth avoiding habits that can lead to impotence, as reported by the Boldsky Sunday :

  1. Smokin, a way to reduce blood circulation. Impotence has been associated with smoking long time ago or use of tobacco routinely. Quitting smoking can improve blood circulation and prevent impotence.
  2. Unbalanced eating, unbalanced eating (meals) is a bad habit that is sure to cause impotence. The body needs all the nutrients essential to running a proper function. How the body can pump the blood to the penis if not functioning properly?
  3. Snoring, a sign that your breathing is constantly interrupted during sleep. Modern research has connected the sleep apnea that causes snoring with impotence or erectile dysfunction. Men who snore during sleep are two times to suffer from impotence compared men who did not snore.
  4. Obesity or overweight, One of the most common causes of impotence are obese. This is directly related to erectile dysfunction. From now it is time to stop the unhealthy food habits

Men Libido lower than Women !

Men are often labeled always wanted and thought about sex all the time. However, now, more men are found to have a lower libido than women. The proof, one of the three men claimed to be suffering from low libido, while in women the comparison one in four women. However, low libido, remains a problem for both men and women.

Men believe that a bad diet is the primary cause of less passionate to have sex. There is also the assumed cause is the level of confidence in the form of the lower body. Drink too much, not exercising enough and lack sleep also claimed to have an impact on men's libido.

For women, low self-esteem on body shape is considered as the main cause of the decline in libido, followed by lack of sleep. Relationship problems,   a poor diet and consumption of birth control pills are also thought to contribute.

Though some may see the low libido as part of living simply, in fact they still regard it as something that should not have occurred and can be corrected by visiting a doctor.

Only 18 percent of people who suffer from low libido stated they get help for it. Most of them see herbal medicine as a solution, with only 11 percent of visiting a doctor.

Peter Farley from ukmedix(dot)com, who conducted the research, noted that, "Low libido proven to exist in almost all the beds of the couples in the UK and lead to relationship problems."

Usually, a happy relationship and healthy sex walking side by side. So, help yourself to keep healthy. (femalefirst)

Effect of High and Low Testosterone for Men's Health

High or low hormone levels  in the body turns out to have advantages and disadvantages for the body. Both are not good because it is not balanced. So with the male hormone, testosterone. This hormone level, high or low, have advantages and disadvantages impact on the healt of reproductive men.
Here's a list of the effects of testosterone are higher and lower as described by healthmeup.

High testosterone: 
symptoms: signs of high testosterone levels is not clear, but the boy was marked by the acceleration of puberty. High testosterone levels can also cause infertility in men, the lack of passion for sex and shrinking of the testes.

Causes: Hyperthyroidism, Tumors of the adrenal glands, , early puberty before the age of 9 years.

Risk: high blood Disease, Sleep apnea, the breasts became larger, fluid retention in the body, Decrease sperm production, skin problems,  The emergence of cysts in the prostate

Treatment: men with high testosterone levels are very rare. Generally men have problems with low testosterone. One of the ways for people with lower high testosterone by giving opposite hormones.

Low testosterone:
Symptoms: Fatigue, Strength and muscle mass decreases, low libido, anemia
Mood swings, depression and often angry, osteoporosis, decrease in ejaculate

Cause: Testicular damage, Pituitary gland and hypothalamus were damaged, brain tumors, Klinefelter syndrome, Consumption of cigarettes and alcohol, Drug side effects

Risk: Men who have low testosterone levels have increase risk of Alzheimer's disease, premature death from coronary heart disease is previously owned. Besides other diseases such as diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and erectile dysfunction

Treatment: hormone therapy, have sex at such high frequencies in the morning, reduce alcohol and smoking,  do not easy to stress and fatigue,  Sports,   Balanced Nutrition.

Conclusion, testosterone hormone levels are too high or too low is not good for a man. When you have an excess or deficiency of this hormone, immediately consult a doctor.

Low Protein Diet, Reduce Alzheimer's Symptoms

A study applying strict protein diet in rats suffering from advanced Alzheimer's disease. The result, when the rats test of the memory using the labyrinth, an increase in cognitive ability than other rats who did not tested a diet.

In addition, only a few of them are abnormal nerve damage due to protein. Abnormal conditions are often known as "tau" is usually accumulates in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease..

Protein Diet is the primary way to manage the growth of a hormone known as IGF-1. This hormone is often associated with the aging process and various diseases in mice, as well as several other diseases in elderly humans.

These findings are based on research conducted by Professor Valter Longo of the University of Southern California. "We have found that a deficiency of growth hormone receptor and IGF-1 showed a reduced incidence of cancer and diabetes," says Longo.
Protein Diet reduces the amount of IGF-1 circulation throughout the body by as much as 30 to 70 percent, and cause increased eight fold proteins that can block the effects of IGF-1.

More research needs to be done to determine whether the same response occurs also in humans, as well as to test the effects of dietary protein restriction on cancer, diabetes and heart disease, as well as, of course, to test its security.  "However, doctors need to read the results of this research. So, his patients had no other choice, he can consider to introduce restrictions on the protein in her treatment, "Longo hope. (ScienceDaily)

Basic Child capabilities that must be developed

Basically, Every child has the hidden nature-ability. Howard Gardner, a psychologist from Harvard University, concluded that based on the ability of each child is born and takes intelligence.

The following nine basic capabilities:

Linguistic proficiency (languages).  Parents and teachers need to guide children to pull out a good word, speak the word politely, as well as being a good listener.

The ability of logic (thinking).  Children should be taught the ability to think logically through counting and solve problems mathematically.

Visual ability.  This ability is obtained with the train to draw simple. In order for the child to pour what he saw into a media.

Musical ability.  The ability to listen to the tone and rhythm, and then combine that into a harmonious rhythm.

The ability of Kinesthetic.  The ability to communicate and solve problems.

Naturalistic ability.  Children are taught to love their surroundings and make them aware that they were responsible for the surrounding environment.

Interpersonal skills.  Children are taught to appreciate friends with all the differences.  Intrapersonal skills.  Children are taught to appreciate yourself.

Spiritual abilities.  Abilities related to spirituality, ethics, morality, and religion.

Practicing to Overcome Fear

Nik Wallenda successfully crossed over Niagara Falls as high as 135 feet (41,15 meters) to run on top of the steel wire measuring 2 inches (about 5 cm). What a thrilling action. It looks like Nik has no fear. However, it turns out he doesn't think of himself as someone who brave. Nik Wallenda has fear too.
According to him, what he does is art, not as people who lose their fear. He Though, "people who have no fear is people doing something what others don"t, but never practiced in the slightest." While Wallenda  train hard for months before actually doing the action.

"Basically Wallenda's brain is no different to the other human brain. But someone learns to compromise with the pressure and fear in different ways, "says Jeff Wise, author of Extreme Fear: The Science of Your Mind in Danger.
There is no rational fear. He does not come from prefrontal cortex; our brain processing of emotions in parallel. So, if most people will feel the heart beating immediately, for fear of falling even dead, but someone like a Wallenda know how to control, for him it's just like walking on the edge of the sidewalk.

The fact, Wallenda walking on the rope has been a very long time (since the age of 2 years, or even before he was born. Everything is natural.

Wallenda also recognizes what it does. So for the last 6 months, she trained hard with crossed straps with the same distance but closer to the ground. At that time he was already visualizing himself crossing the Grand Canyon.  Until he actually crossed in the Grand Canyon, he imagines himself being turn them over to the practice. (Discovery)

4 foods for sex booster : fact or myth

Love potions, amulets, and a spell to awaken the desire already existed since centuries ago. Modern science refused erroneous assumption about the aphrodisiac. But the reputation of the following foods as stimulus is will believed continue.

Chocolate, the 17th-century Writer, James Wadsworth, says, Chocolate can "make women become young and fresh; create a new passion of the body. "

Chilli powder,  spicy chili powder can stimulate the release of perspiration, rapid heart beat, and flushes. Signs of an increase in sexual arousal.

Ginseng, may be some truth about his strength stimulates desire. A study in 2002 found Korea red ginseng, is an effective treatment for erectile dysfunction.

Oyster, Reputation of oyster  is derived from connection with love goddess Aphrodite, Ancient Greece, born from the sea foam. (National Geographic)

The Facts about semen

Let's get to know facts aboutsemen

The mood.  There are millions of chemical compounds created the mood in semen and vaginal could subjugate them. Cortisol increases compassion, while improving oxytocin estrone and mood. Prolactin releasing hormone tirotropin and a natural antidepressant. Melatonin helps regulate sleep and serotonin makes us feel happy.

Taste.  Smoking can make the taste of semen bad. Eating too much cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, asparagus, garlic, shallots, bacon, Curry, fish can make  bitter or salty. Even coffee and beer can get rid of. To make semen taste better, a man should drink plenty of water and eating a lot of fruits and vegetables, mainly pineapple, celery, watermelon, apples, kiwi, cranberry, plum, bluberry, parsley, and papaya.

Calories.  A man will ejaculate semen about 18 litres during his lifetime and the average volume per ejaculate about a teaspoon. That number includes about 5 to 25 calories. Also 300-500 million of sperm!

Preventing tooth decay.  Semen contains zinc and calcium, both of which prevent tooth decay. But don't use it to whiten teeth. It's just a myth and will not work.

Stand 5 days.  When a man has an ejaculation, the average speed of the sperm is 31 mph (50 kph) and shoot as far as 7 to 10 inches (13 to 25 cm).
Semen contains sperm. Sperm can live up to 5 days inside the woman's body. When the sperm reaches the egg, then the possibilities of pregnancy will occur. If it is not ready to get pregnant, there are many options for contraception to prevent it.

The causes of the declining numbers of sperm

Unhealthy lifestyle, stress, and improper diet are some of the main factors causing depletion of sperm in men. When mate discussed the plan of pregnancy, sperm quality contribute to the success of fertilization itself.  What factors can cause a decrease in sperm quality? Boldsky provide a list as follows

A warm bath.  Indeed,  a warm bath can make the body relaxed, but also can reduce the sperm count due to the increased temperature of the testes. This can damage sperm quality and reduced  the amount of sperm

Tights.  Wearing pants that are too tight can increase the temperature of the testes. And in turn can lower sperm number and quality.

Cell phone radiation.  Radiation from mobile phones has a huge impact on sperm production in men. According to a study, cell phone radiation can also reduce the amount of sperm.

Stress.  Stress is one of the causes of various health problems. Stress not only affects the emotional health, but also causes the problem of infertility in men.
Rarely have sex.  Sex is one of the best solutions of  some sexual problems. Rare sexual intercourse can lower sperm count.

Alcohol.  Drinking alcohol can lower testosterone levels and can reduce the amount of sperm. This is one of the causes of infertility in men.

Tobacco.  Smoking can cause impotence. In addition to reducing the number of sperm, it can also make men become infertile. Smoking can also cause infertility.

Soy products.  Soy products contain isoflavones, which influence the amount and quality of sperm production.

Watch TV.  Sitting too long in front of the TV can cause obesity and reduced amount of sperm. A study conducted by the British of Sports Medicine confirmed that men who do not watch TV and many exercise regularly have a better sperm number and quality.

Using a laptop.  Using a laptop on the lap of a long period of time will increase the temperature in the scrotum and reduced sperm production.

If you and your partner want to have a baby ASAP, apply a healthy lifestyle is always.

Why Green Tea Healthy

Almost everyone had drank tea. Some people even used to drink it every day after eating or while reading a newspaper at the time. Even though it feels a bit bitter, tea can refresh. Many people add sugar to kill bitter.

Many people already know where tea came from . Well, tea comes from the Camellia sinensis leaves and shoots. These shrubs growing in tropical and Subtropical climates with rainfall of 1,500 mm. to grow tea plants require high humidity with temperatures between 13-29, 5o C. This is the reason why the tea we often foundin the Highlands and mountains of the mild winters.

Good quality of tea comes from the leaves or shoots of young tea leaves that have yet to bloom.So to make the 0.45 kg good quality of tea it takes roughly 80,000 leaves! In addition to make a cup of tea need a long process. Once picked, it collected for further undergo various processes. One such concoction. From this appears a variety of tea: white tea, oolong tea, black tea and green tea.

To make white tea takes the youngest tea leaves, which is still filled with white feathers, short or fine hair.the process through two stages of the evaporation and drying. There is no process of withering, milling and fermentation (sometimes also with mild levels of fermented). the look of white tea barely changed, the silvery white. When brewed is pale yellow with a delicate aroma and fresh.

Whereas the green tea material is derived from green tea shoots of leaves through heating with water vapor to deactivate the enzymes contained in the tea leaves. Then rolled and dried. Green tea is produced by evaporation (steaming) tea leaves at high temperatures so that the content of polyphenols can be maintained.

Why the content of polyphenols retained? Polyphenols are chemical compounds as antioxidants. In the tea leaves contained four primary polyphenols, epicatechin (EC), epicatechingallate (ECG), epigallocatechin (EGC), and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG). Well, EGCG in green tea are antioxidants that strength 100 times more effective than vitamin C and 25 times higher than that of vitamin E.

Content of EGCG in 1 gram of green tea  is between 30-50 mg. Actualy black tea also contains polyphenols, but not as much as green tea.Polyphenols in  Black tea is about 10%  ang in green tea  30-40%. It was due to the fermentation process. This process destroys the content of polyphenols (including EGCG).

Aside from EGCG, green tea also contains tannins. These compounds are polyphenols that may inhibit absorption of iron minerals or damage inside the body. For pregnant women and people with iron deficiency is recommended not to drink green tea too much to avoid the risk of anemia (lack of blood). However, the content of tannins makes green tea more bitter

As a powerful antioxidant, EGCG  is able to  reduce free radicals and cell damage. So it can delay the process of premature aging. Other functions of EGCG is antiatherogenic (minimize the risks of blockage of blood vessels), antithrombotic (anti blood clotting), and antimicrobial. Well, the more revealed the greatness of green tea. At least coronary heart disease, stroke, and caries (Coral) on the teeth can be prevented

Green Tea Prevent Tooth Decay

Green tea that we often hear can dissolve fat levels, it also can prevent tooth decay. Likely, this is because of the ability of polyphenol compounds, particularly catechins and fluoride.  In Japan have conducted research on a number of volunteers who were asked to wash their mouth after they eat with tea containing polyphenols.

As a result, green tea can significantly reduce the occurrence of plaque, including against those who don't brush your teeth or clean the tooth with dental floss. Other studies also show, for those who drink tea regularly have proven cases of dental caries is decreasing and the level of damage is not too severe.

In fact the toothpaste containing green tea from the results of research could also reduce dental plaque.  Seeing the benefits of green tea is so great against the teeth,  it's good drinking green tea in order to have a strong and healthy teeth.

Which is better: tea or coffee?

Nowadays tea and coffee is a popular drink . These drinks can enhance the mood especially when hanging out with friends and family. Which is better according to you, tea or coffee?  Let's see the difference of both drinks.

Caffeine levels.  Although both contain caffeine, but the caffeine content of coffee is much larger. The content of caffeine in a cup of tea is about 55 milligrams and in a cup of coffee 125 – 128 milligrams. Caffeine content in tea helps to improve concentration. While in a coffee can increase anxiety.

Cancer prevention.  Research suggests eating the right amounts of tea can help fight cancer and cardiovascular disease. Some research also reveals to prevent a recurrence of the coffee to breast cancer and prevent prostate cancer. Another study reported that the cancer rate in Asian countries is much lower than the United States, one of the supporting factor due to the high intake of tea.

Relieve pain.  The compounds in the tea help us from inflammatory disorders and arthritis. Other functions can reduce the formation of blood. Coffee is also known for being able to provide help with asthma and Parkinson's disease.
Antioxidant effects.  Coffee and tea both contain antioxidants, but different functions. In tea, antioxidants protect the body from free radicals, reduce stress and cholesterol levels in the body. While antioxidants in coffee set sugar levels and prevent gallstones.

The place of origin.  Originally derived from the tea plant of China and India. While coffee comes from Ethiopia and other parts of the African continent. Regardless of the difference between coffee and tea, both have good benefits for the body, as long as it is consumed wisely. Drink in moderation and don't add sugar or anything else into it

Music Therapy for Premature Babies

A new research reveals that the lullabies song could help premature babies get quality sleep and good food. Play music with quiet melody for a newborn can also help slow their heartbeat.

The researchers found that by slowing heart rate of premature babies and improve the quality of sleep and eat is able to increase their weight. So, the little one can leave hospital more quickly. However, the authors of the research at New York-Presbyterian Phyllis and David Komansky Center for children's Health also found that certain types of music creates different effects.

They found that the lullabies song performed by parents can affect the function of the heart and the breathing of the baby. While the melody has a positive effect on the quality of feeding premature babies. ABC News reported earlier that the study, by researchers at Florida State University, also found that infants who received music therapy could leave hospital earlier than infants who did not receive music therapy.

Another study, by researchers at Beth Israel Medical Center in New York, revealed that when the baby sung the lullabies song by their parents can strengthen the bond between child and parent.

The research also reveals that when the music played in the intensive care unit for newborns, parental stress levels can drop dramatically.

More than 25 hospitals in the United States now offer music therapy as a treatment in the neonatal intensive care unit.

In addition, in 2009, the research conducted by experts at the University of Alberta, in Canada, reveals that play soothing music to premature babies can also reduce the level of their pain